A group photo of a larger group of people, probably in the schoolyard at the assembly point Am Barkhof, some of whom are laughing. Henny and Ursula Fink and Marion Orbach have turned their backs on the camera. The picture was most probably taken from the perspective of the persecutees.

Image: Collection Inge Berger


Bremen, 11/17/1941

Historical context

De­por­ta­ti­on von Bre­men nach Minsk am 18.11.1941

On November 17, 1941, 440 Jews from Bremen and 130 Jewish persecutees from the administrative district of Stade had to present themselves at the assembly points established in Bremen: schools formerly known as Lettow-Vorbeck School and Carl-Peters School. The deportation list had been compiled by Wilhelm Parchmann, Kriminalobersekretär (administrative official at the criminal investigations police) and head of the “Judendezernat” (department responsible for Jews) at the Bremen Gestapo office. In the early hours of November 18, 1941, the police took the people to the Lloyd station, where the transport train “DA 56”, which consisted of Czech passenger cars, departed at 8:40 a.m. At about 11:30 a.m., the transport arrived at the Hanover train station in Hamburg, where additional cars with about 400 people were attached to the train. After a journey that lasted several days and took the deportees via Warsaw, the train reached the Minsk freight station on November 22, 1941. Only six Jews from Bremen survived the Shoah; all the others were murdered in the Minsk ghetto or in the Sobibor and Maly Trostinez camps.

About the image se­ries

The series consists of three black-and-white pictures, each of which shows a group of people. They are available as digital scans; the backs of the photos are not included. It can be assumed that the pictures were taken on November 17, 1941, probably from two different perspectives in the schoolyard of the School am Barkhof (formerly Carl-Peters School) in Bremen. Despite photo matching and site visits, the exact positions from which the photographer took the photos cannot be determined. The pictures show the persecutees while arriving at the assembly point and while in there. The deportation luggage can be seen in one picture. It is very likely that the pictures were taken without the knowledge of the perpetrators involved and thus document the deportation from the perspective of the persecuted people themselves.




The pictures are in the possession of Inge Berger, née Katz, born on June 24, 1924. She received the pictures from her father, Carl Katz, an employee of the “Reichsvereinigung der Juden” (Reich Association of Jews) and, after liberation, the longstanding chairman of Bremen’s Jewish community. It is not known how Carl Katz came to be in possession of the pictures. Inge Berger was able to identify some individuals on the photos. Her family has been kind enough to make the pictures available for the #LastSeen project.

The Katz family was not sent on the deportation to Minsk. Inge Katz was a helper of the Jewish Community in the School am Barkhof. On July 24, 1942, she and her parents were deported to Theresienstadt. After liberation, she married Auschwitz survivor Shmuel Berger and emigrated with him to the USA.

Call num­ber at source ar­chi­ve

ohne Si­gna­tur

Tit­le at source ar­chi­ve

ohne Ti­tel


Our first thanks go to the Berger/ Bahar family, who was generous enough to provide #LastSeen with the pictures. Special thanks are also due to Dr. Kristina Vagt, who told us of the existence of the deportation pictures. Sincere thanks are likewise extended to Peter Christoffersens for helpfully sharing information.

Text und Re­cher­che: Ali­na Bo­the.

Kooperationsverbund #LastSeen.
Bilder der NS-Deportationen

Dr. Alina Bothe

c/o Selma Stern Zentrum für Jüdische Studien Berlin-Brandenburg
Freie Universität Berlin
Habelschwerdter Allee 34A
14195 Berlin